OSW Studies

The multi-speed Baltic States. Reinforcing the defence capabilities of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia

The multi-speed Baltic States

The Baltic states are often viewed by the West and Russia as a single region. However, the different economic and demographic potentials, strategic cultures and geographic location result in differences in their defence solutions. Estonia is devoted to a conscript-based army with a significant reserve force, Latvia is developing professional army with a small reserve, and Lithuania has decided to combine the two models.