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OSW Commentary | | Kamil Kłysiński

The rigged presidential election held in Belarus on 9 August 2020 and the brutal crackdown on the participants of post-election demonstrations triggered immediate criticism…

OSW Commentary | | Maria Domańska

In December 2020, President Vladimir Putin signed a package of laws tightening regulations on non-governmental organisations, public gatherings and media censorship. It is…

OSW Commentary | | Krzysztof Dębiec

The deal finalising the sale of Nova TV to PPF on 13 October 2020 completed the process of key Czech media organisations being taken over by local capital. At the beginning…

OSW Commentary | | Jadwiga Rogoża, Iwona Wiśniewska

In December 2020, Russia launched a mass-scale action for vaccinating its citizens with the domestically produced Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine. It was only on 2…

OSW Commentary | | Wojciech Górecki, Mateusz Chudziak

The Nagorno-Karabakh war of autumn 2020 and the military parade organised in Baku after its end, which was jointly hosted by the presidents of Azerbaijan and Turkey, Ilham…

OSW Commentary | | OSW team

Belarus is the only country in Europe where public opinion polls are not published on a regular basis. This is a result of repressive policy of the Belarusian government,…

OSW Commentary | | Sławomir Matuszak

President Volodymyr Zelensky gained full power under a year and a half ago, but it is already becoming increasingly difficult for him to implement his declared…

OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś

Although the importance of global climate challenges is systematically growing, the actions which the Russian authorities have undertaken in this area to date have been very…

OSW Commentary | | Kamil Całus

On 3 November, the Romanian parliament declared that 4 June would be a new public holiday commemorating the signing of the Treaty of Trianon on that day in 1920. This…

OSW Report | | Michał Kędzierski, Rafał Bajczuk

For years, Germany has claimed to be the leader of global climate policy and has continued to raise the issue of global warming on…