Iraq as a whole is facing a new conflict which is likely to result in a thorough revision of the present balance of power in this part of the Middle East.
In 2014–2016, Ukraine’s banking sector was affected by what has proven to be the most serious crisis in its modern history. Almost half of the banks went bankrupt and the losses incurred by the state and banking sector clients was in excess of US$ 20 billion.
On 2nd August an extraordinary meeting was held between the ministers, the minister-presidents of nine German states, and the CEOs of car manufacturing companies.
The Ukrainian-Russian war has prompted Bratislava, Prague and Budapest to take a new look at their eastern neighbourhood. Cooperation with Ukraine is gaining momentum, although relations with Russia are still the top priority for the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.
The war in the Donbas shaped the Ukrainian army. It helped its soldiers gain awareness and motivation. It also forced the administration of the Ukrainian ministry of defence and the government to adapt the structure – for the first time since it was formed – to the real operational needs.
The remarks presented in this paper show the complexity and multi-dimensionality of the techniques referred to as ‘active measures’. The renaissance of this question currently observable today has called their role in causing crises into prominence.
Systemic corruption has been the dominant problem of an independent Ukraine for more than two decades.
On 20–21 July, the Belarusian president, Alyaksandr Lukashenka, made an official visit to Kyiv where he met with the Ukrainian president, Petro Poroshenko.
On July 24-27 Russia and China for the first time ever conducted their annual naval exercises in the Baltic Sea.
On 8 July, Iraqi prime minister Haider al-Abadi, announced in Mosul that Iraqi forces had recaptured the city from Islamic State (IS).