When Belarus embarked on the construction of its first nuclear power plant in Astravyets in 2012, the official objective was to significantly reduce the share played by imported Russian gas in the country’s electricity production.
The history of the special services and the ideas which organise them in the symbolic sphere are an important part of the reflection on their contemporary role and position. Over the centuries, the secret services defined Russia's relations with the outside world, shaped its domestic situation, and influenced the fate of the societies and nations that were part of the Russian and Soviet empires.
For nearly one year relations between Hungary and Ukraine have been plunged in the worst crisis since the collapse of the USSR.
The construction and opening in May 2018 of the Crimean Bridge has contributed to a worsening of Russian–Ukrainian relations in the Sea of Azov.
The shortage of truck drivers has already reached 45,000. That is also the number of truck drivers who retire annually, and only 16,000 new drivers are available annually.
On 1 August, the US Treasury Department imposed sanctions on two Turkish ministers, those with the portfolios of internal affairs and justice.
The Chinese company Yantai Taihai withdrew from its attempt to purchase Leifeld Metal Spinning, a manufacturer of machinery and spare parts for the aerospace industry.
It has been almost two years since the death of the long-serving leader of Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov, and since Shavkat Mirziyoyev took up power.
On 27 July, a court in Yerevan ordered the arrest for two months of Robert Kocharyan, the former president of Armenia from 1998 to 2008.
On 9 July, the Romanian parliament passed an act regulating oil and gas extraction from offshore fields in the Black Sea.