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OSW Report | | Wojciech Konończuk

As a result of the changes of borders in the 20th century, a large proportion of Poland’s cultural heritage found itself on the territory of…

OSW Report | | Piotr Szymański

In recent years, the Nordic and Baltic region has witnessed a growing interest in the concept of comprehensive security, which hails from the Cold War doctrine of total defence. This…

OSW Studies | | Piotr Szymański

The Baltic states are often viewed by the West and Russia as a single region. However, the different economic and demographic potentials, strategic cultures and geographic location result in differences in their defence solutions.

OSW Studies | | Joanna Hyndle-Hussein, Miryna Kutysz

Russians or so-called Russian-speakers in Latvia and Estonia pose a significant problem for both countries. Russian-speakers are a numerous minority in Latvia and Estonia, which causes deep division in these countries from the ethnical…

OSW Studies | | Miryna Kutysz, Joanna Hyndle-Hussein

Membership of NATO and the EU is apriority of the foreign policies of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. The main stimulus that drives these membership aspirations is the will to ensure the security of these countries and to ultimately…