On 19 July, on the first reading, the State Duma adopted a draft law on raising the retirement age of women from 55 to 63 years and men from 60 to 65.
In recent weeks there has been a cooling in the traditionally friendly relations between Greece and Russia.
Donald Trump has pursued his strategy of stepping up pressure on Beijing by threatening it with a tariff war since March 2018.
Over the last two years, the Turkish Armed Forces (Türk Silahlı Kuvvetlerı – TSK) have been subject to transformations with no precedent in the history of Turkey as a republic.
On 4 July, the Romanian parliament hastily passed controversial changes in the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure.
The minority government of Andrej Babiš won a parliamentary vote of confidence in the night of 11 to 12 July.
A deal for France’s Total to acquire a 10% stake in the Arctic LNG 2 project for US$2.55 billion was struck during the International Economic Forum in Saint Petersburg.
The NATO summit in Brussels on 11–12 July will be a summit of political and military paradoxes.
The continuing conflict between Russia and Ukraine have led the Belarusian authorities to attempt to redefine their country’s foreign policy.
Finland sees Russia as a source of opportunities and threats. On the one hand, Russia is an important trade partner. On the other hand, Finland is concerned by the Russian vision of the international order based on great powers’ spheres of influence, and by Russia’s increasing military capabilities.