On 19 July, on the first reading, the State Duma adopted a draft law on raising the retirement age of women from 55 to 63 years and men from 60 to 65.

Jadwiga Rogoża

In recent weeks there has been a cooling in the traditionally friendly relations between Greece and Russia.

Jan Strzelecki
The US–China trade dispute: phase two

Donald Trump has pursued his strategy of stepping up pressure on Beijing by threatening it with a tariff war since March 2018. 

OSW Commentary
Jakub Jakóbowski
Cadres decide everything – Turkey’s reform of its military

Over the last two years, the Turkish Armed Forces (Türk Silahlı Kuvvetlerı – TSK) have been subject to transformations with no precedent in the history of Turkey as a republic. 

OSW Commentary
Mateusz Chudziak
Romania: anti-corruption institutions are getting weaker

On 4 July, the Romanian parliament hastily passed controversial changes in the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure.

Kamil Całus

The minority government of Andrej Babiš won a parliamentary vote of confidence in the night of 11 to 12 July.

Krzysztof Dębiec
Expansion at the state’s expense: Novatek as a driving engine of the Russian LNG sector

A deal for France’s Total to acquire a 10% stake in the Arctic LNG 2 project for US$2.55 billion was struck during the International Economic Forum in Saint Petersburg.

OSW Commentary
Szymon Kardaś
NATO summit in Brussels: the eastern flank between the USA and Europe

The NATO summit in Brussels on 11–12 July will be a summit of political and military paradoxes.

Justyna Gotkowska
(Un)realistic neutrality. Attempts to redefine Belarus’ foreign policy

The continuing conflict between Russia and Ukraine have led the Belarusian authorities to attempt to redefine their country’s foreign policy.

OSW Commentary
Kamil Kłysiński
With Russia right across the border. Finland’s security policy

Finland sees Russia as a source of opportunities and threats. On the one hand, Russia is an important trade partner. On the other hand, Finland is concerned by the Russian vision of the international order based on great powers’ spheres of influence, and by Russia’s increasing military capabilities.

OSW Studies
Piotr Szymański