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Point of View | | Marek Menkiszak

The overriding goals of Russia’s European security policy have remained unaltered: strategic control of the post-Soviet area, the existence of a security buffer zone in Central Europe and the transformation of the existing NATO-based…

OSW Report | | Maria Domańska, Szymon Kardaś, Marek Menkiszak, Jadwiga Rogoża, Andrzej Wilk, Iwona Wiśniewska, Piotr Żochowski

The purpose of the present paper is to analyse the most important changes that have taken place in the Kaliningrad Oblast since 2016. Part One analyses the dynamics of the political and social situation with special…

Analyses | | Kamil Całus

On 4 November, the Romanian parliament voted by 240 deputies (of 233 required) to adopt a vote of confidence in a new government headed by Ludovic Orban, the leader of the centre-…

Analyses | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota, Szymon Kardaś, Piotr Szymański, Sławomir Matuszak

On 30 October the Danish Energy Agency (DEA) issued permit allowing the construction of Nord Stream 2 in the Danish exclusive economic zone on the route that runs south east from Bornholm, thereby rejecting the…

OSW Commentary | | Michał Bogusz

The protests in the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong have been going on since March, and were triggered by a bill allowing…

Analyses | | Krzysztof Strachota, Mariusz Marszewski

Russian president Vladimir Putin and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan reached an agreement on 22 October regarding coordination of operations in north-eastern Syria, including the future prospects for the Turkish…

Analyses | | Konrad Popławski

The Federal Network Agency published draft safety rules for 5G networks. The document does not provide for excluding any of the network solution suppliers from participating in 5G development in Germany. It does not…

Analyses | | Marta Szpala

Following negotiations with leaders of parliamentary groupings and President Stevo Pendarovski, Zoran Zaev, the prime minister of North Macedonia, announced on 20 October that a compromise on scheduling a snap…

Analyses | | Mateusz Chudziak

The Turkish military operation ‘Peace Spring’, launched in northern Syria on 9 October, has met with harsh criticism from the European Union and an ambivalent attitude from…

Analyses | | Marta Szpala

On 15 October, the General Affairs Council (GAC), a body functioning within the Council of the European Union, was unable to reach a compromise on accession…