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OSW Report | | Konrad Popławski,

The Eurozone crisis has forced German exporters to speed up their expansion onto the emerging markets, in particular Brazil, Russia, India and China

OSW Report | | Józef Lang

Radical Islamic militants from Central Asia have ceased to be a local phenomenon. They have become a kind of ‘jihad academy’.

OSW Studies | | Krzysztof Strachota, Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

The collapse of the USSR brought about conditions conducive to the dynamic development of relations between Central Asia and China. These relations have evolved from deep mistrust to the continually growing Chinese presence primarily in…

Point of View | | Szymon Ananicz

Despite a growing assertiveness in Ankara’s relations with Brussels, Turkey will continue to seek closer integration with the EU in the coming years.

OSW Studies | | Marek Menkiszak

On several occasions since 2001 Vladimir Putin has raised the concept of ‘Greater Europe’, a partly-integrated common space comprising mainly Russia and the European Union. In recent years Moscow has undertaken a number of initiatives…

OSW Studies | | Iwona Wiśniewska

In 2009, Vladimir Putin, the then Russian prime minister, gave impetus to the establishment of closer relations within what was then a still narrow group of three countries: Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus. Close co-operation is expected…

Point of View | | Rafał Sadowski

Over the four years since its launch, the Eastern Partnership initiative has created frameworks and mechanisms for the integration of EaP countries with the EU. Despite this, the partner countries have so far made little meaningful…

OSW Studies | | Tadeusz A. Olszański

Full version available only in Polish.

OSW Report |

The similarity of issues and geographical proximity have led the Visegrad 4 countries (V4) to undertake closer collaboration in natural gas policy, notably by agreeing on a common security of supply strategy, including regional…

Point of View | | Agata Wierzbowska-Miazga

Despite the conflicts and frictions in their bilateral relations, Russia has for years regularly invested in Belarus. Moscow’s support has become an important factor allowing the Belarusian economic model to continue, which in turn…