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OSW Studies | | Iwona Wiśniewska

In 2009, Vladimir Putin, the then Russian prime minister, gave impetus to the establishment of closer relations within what was then a still narrow group of three countries: Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus. Close co-operation is expected…

OSW Commentary | | Arkadiusz Sarna

In recent months Kyiv has been intensifying its efforts to diversify Ukraine’s gas supply routes with a view to reducing the country’s dependence on imports from Russia. One of the steps which Kyiv has taken has been to make the…

Analyses | | Kamil Całus

In the last month tensions between Moldova and Transnistria have risen sharply. This has been caused by a decree on the state border issued on 10 June by the separatist leader Yevgeny Shevchuk. The adoption of the document should be…

Analyses | | Tadeusz A Olszański

On 5 July the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, elected in 2012, ended its spring session. 26 out of the planned 39 plenary sessions were held during this session. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted only a number of laws which were…

OSW Studies | | Tadeusz A Olszański

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