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OSW Studies | | Iwona Wiśniewska

In 2009, Vladimir Putin, the then Russian prime minister, gave impetus to the establishment of closer relations within what was then a still narrow group of three countries: Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus. Close co-operation is expected…

Analyses | | Marta Zawilska-Florczuk

The telecommunication surveillance in Germany launched by the US National Security Agency, the NSA, is still fuelling controversy. It has put the German government and the chancellor herself in an embarrassing situation, and the…

Analyses | | Jakub Groszkowski

On 17 July MPs representing the centre-right parties voted against a proposal to shorten the term in office of the Chamber of Deputies and to schedule a snap election. This move is strengthening the political position of President Milos…

Analyses | | Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

The deportation from Italy of the wife and daughter of the wanted Kazakh opposition figure Mukhtar Ablyazov, in violation of the official arrest procedure, has led to a scandal that threatened to bring down the Italian government. The…

Analyses | | Andrzej Wilk

13-20 July saw the largest previously unscheduled military training exercise since the collapse of the USSR, the so-called ‘readiness test’ in the Far East of the country, including up to 160,000 soldiers. The tests of the combat…

Analyses | | Jadwiga Rogoża

The Navalny case, which was supposed to be a show of force against the opposition, has at the same time proved to be a catalyst of disputes within the elite itself. These concern both the degree of the repression against political…

Point of View | | Rafał Sadowski

Over the four years since its launch, the Eastern Partnership initiative has created frameworks and mechanisms for the integration of EaP countries with the EU. Despite this, the partner countries have so far made little meaningful…

OSW Commentary | | Arkadiusz Sarna

In recent months Kyiv has been intensifying its efforts to diversify Ukraine’s gas supply routes with a view to reducing the country’s dependence on imports from Russia. One of the steps which Kyiv has taken has been to make the…

Analyses | | Justyna Gotkowska

Sweden is thus interested in new forms of military co-operation with NATO. It sees the growing significance of the NATO Response Force, which after 2014 will contribute to maintaining interoperability of NATO member states as part of…

Analyses | | Artur Ciechanowicz

On 27 June, Ireland, then holding the presidency of the Council of the EU, decided to postpone the vote on carbon emission limits for cars due to pressure from Germany. The vote was postponed following a personal intervention from…