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OSW Report | | Tomasz Dąborowski, Jakub Groszkowski

Despite their initial interest in shale gas exploration, over the past year Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Romania have become increasingly sceptical about the development of unconventional gas resources. In January of this year…

Analyses | | Jakub Groszkowski

On 19 September the Slovak economy minister presented a draft agreement between shareholders of the country's gas operator - Slovensky plynarensky priemysel (SPP). The agreement is to enter into force after changes in the ownership in…

Analyses | | Szymon Ananicz

On 21 September, a Turkish court sentenced 325 representatives of the Turkish army (including 89 generals and admirals, 24 of whom are in active service) to between 13 and 20 years in prison for taking part in a conspiracy, codenamed…

Analyses | | Jadwiga Rogoża

The Russian government has ordered that the US development agency, USAID, leave Russia by 1 October. This means that USAID will cut its financial support for the projects it had been backing in Russia. The Russian Ministry of Foreign…

Analyses | | Józef Lang, Wojciech Górecki

A number of agreements concerning for example military co-operation and co-operation in the area of hydroelectricity were signed during the President Vladimir Putin’s visit to Kyrgyzstan on 20 September. Pursuant to these agreements,…

Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński

The election to the lower chamber of the Belarusian parliament was held on 23 September. A part of the opposition parties, not seeing the possibility for a real political tussle, decided to boycott the election. As had been the case…

Analyses | | Krzysztof Strachota

On 18 September the Georgian Ministry of Internal Affairs revealed cases of prisoners being treated brutally in the Gldani jail in Tbilisi and announced that arrests had been made and that an investigation was being launched with regard…

Analyses | | Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

On 17 September Turkey for the first time in its history issued five and a half year Islamic bonds (a financial instrument called sukuk) worth US$1.5 billion. The bonds were hugely popular with foreign investors – the demand…

Analyses | | Justyna Gotkowska

The Nordic Transition Support Unit (NTSU), in which military contingents from Sweden, Finland and Norway will co-operate, is to commence operation in northern Afghanistan from 2013 as part of the NATO-led ISAF operation. Latvia is also…

Analyses | | Ewa Fischer, Jadwiga Rogoża

At a meeting in Sochi on 18 September, President Vladimir Putin sharply criticised the draft budget for 2013, as publicised by the Ministry of Finance, charging that it did not include the orders contained in the presidential decrees…