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OSW Studies | | Józef Lang, Maciej Falkowski

The end of the Western military presence in Central Asia will mean the West’s influence on the security sphere in the region will be marginalised.

OSW Studies | | Wojciech Górecki

Since the collapse of the USSR, Russian influence in Central Asia has undergone a far-reaching erosion. The process is unlikely to be reversed.

OSW Studies | | Iwona Wiśniewska

In 2009, Vladimir Putin, the then Russian prime minister, gave impetus to the establishment of closer relations within what was then a still narrow group of three countries: Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus. Close co-operation is expected…

OSW Studies | | Maciej Falkowski

The Southern Caucasus and Central Asia are priority areas for the foreign policy of the Russian Federation. Russia mainly sees its influence in both regions as an important factor determining its international stature, and as a…

OSW Studies | | Anna Wołowska

Caspian stocks of energy resources are not, and most probably will not be, of any great significance on the world scale. Nevertheless it is the Caspian region which will have the opportunity to become an oil exporter which will reduce…