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Point of View | | Marek Menkiszak

French President Emmanuel Macron has proclaimed the need to engage in dialogue with Russia and work with it to build an architecture of trust and security in Europe; he has…

Point of View | | Justyna Gotkowska

Since 2008, Swedish security policy has drawn keen interest from the countries of the Nordic and Baltic states, NATO, as well as the US and Russia. The allied member states…

OSW Studies | | Jakub Jakóbowski, Kamil Kłysiński

Relations between China and Belarus have been developing…

OSW Studies | | Michał Bogusz

Territorial disputes occur in the South China Sea, which is a major hot spot in East Asia and to a large degree also globally. Due to its fundamental importance for global maritime transport, its natural resources and…

Point of View | | Andrzej Sadecki

The 1920 Peace Treaty of Trianon, which sealed Hungary’s loss of two thirds of its territory, is regarded as the country’s greatest national tragedy. The disintegration of the multinational Kingdom of Hungary, which…

Point of View | | Konrad Popławski

The German automotive sector’s strong global position is one of the country’s greatest economic success stories. In 2018, two out of the three top global automakers achieving the highest sales volumes originated from…

Point of View | | Jolanta Darczewska

Rosgvardiya is the largest internal security structure in Russia. It has been assigned independent functions (policing and intervention, critical infrastructure security, oversight of security contractors and private…

Point of View | | Anna Kwiatkowska

The decision to leave the borders open, the influx of more than one million people to Germany and the resulting migration crisis in late…

Point of View | | Marek Menkiszak

The overriding goals of Russia’s European security policy have remained unaltered: strategic control of the post-Soviet area, the existence of a security buffer zone in Central Europe and the transformation of the existing NATO-based…

OSW Studies | | Maria Domańska

The Russian model of authoritarian rule owes its durability to the ‘deep structures’ that constitute the foundation of the Russian political system and political…