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OSW Studies | | Krzysztof Strachota, Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

The collapse of the USSR brought about conditions conducive to the dynamic development of relations between Central Asia and China. These relations have evolved from deep mistrust to the continually growing Chinese presence primarily in…

Point of View | | Szymon Ananicz

Despite a growing assertiveness in Ankara’s relations with Brussels, Turkey will continue to seek closer integration with the EU in the coming years.

OSW Studies | | Marek Menkiszak

On several occasions since 2001 Vladimir Putin has raised the concept of ‘Greater Europe’, a partly-integrated common space comprising mainly Russia and the European Union. In recent years Moscow has undertaken a number of initiatives…

OSW Studies | | Iwona Wiśniewska

In 2009, Vladimir Putin, the then Russian prime minister, gave impetus to the establishment of closer relations within what was then a still narrow group of three countries: Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus. Close co-operation is expected…

Point of View | | Rafał Sadowski

Over the four years since its launch, the Eastern Partnership initiative has created frameworks and mechanisms for the integration of EaP countries with the EU. Despite this, the partner countries have so far made little meaningful…

OSW Studies | | Tadeusz A Olszański

Full version available only in Polish.

Point of View | | Agata Wierzbowska-Miazga

Despite the conflicts and frictions in their bilateral relations, Russia has for years regularly invested in Belarus. Moscow’s support has become an important factor allowing the Belarusian economic model to continue, which in turn…

Point of View | | Justyna Gotkowska

Sweden finds itself in the midst of the most heated debates about defence policy and the direction of military reforms since the end of the Cold War, as Stockholm faces the challenge of finding a new military security formula.

Point of View | | Sławomir Matuszak, Arkadiusz Sarna

After winning the 2010 presidential election, Viktor Yanukovych and his government developed an ambitious and comprehensive programme of reforms across key areas of social and political life. The return to a presidential system of…

Point of View | | Marcin Kaczmarski

Most participants in the Russian public debate seem to agree in their evaluation of the present condition of Russian-Chinese relations. There is awareness of increasing inequality between these two powers and Russia’s weakening position…