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OSW Commentary | | Krzysztof Dębiec, Michał Kędzierski

Lignite still plays an important role in the Czech and German power industries, remaining one of their key sources of electricity. These countries, together with Poland, are the largest producers and consumers of this…

OSW Commentary | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota, Szymon Kardaś

On 10 September, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) annulled a decision issued by the European Commission on 28 October 2016 allowing the Russian Gazprom to send greater volumes of gas through the OPAL…

OSW Commentary | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota

The record volumes of gas supplied via the OPAL and Nord Stream pipeline have been accompanied by controversy over the rules for utilisation of the OPAL pipeline’s capacity.

OSW Report | | Konrad Popławski

The latest results from the Visegrád Group states show them to be Germany’s most important trading partner.