The poor financial results of the energy companies have been caused by a decline in energy demand in the EU.

Rafał Bajczuk

By demonstrating Russia’s warm political relations with Budapest, Moscow is presenting itself as an attractive partner.

Andrzej Sadecki
Szymon Kardaś

The issue of energy prices has therefore become one of the key factors intensifying the debate on EU energy policy as a whole and on its individual elements.

OSW Commentary
Agata Łoskot-Strachota

Russia, capitalising on Serbia’s dependence in the energy sector, forced Belgrade to accept unfavourable rules for the implementation of the investment.

Marta Szpala

The changes have been motivated above all by the individual interests of Gazprom’s competitors - Novatek and Rosneft.

OSW Commentary
Szymon Kardaś

Russia has used the construction launch to demonstrate that it will not relinquish at least partial implementation of the project.

Tomasz Dąborowski
Szymon Kardaś

On 11 October, the CEOs of the state-controlled companies Rosneft and Transneft signed an agreement which sets out the rules for the co-financing of the development of pipelines used for exporting oil to China. Although the deal between Transneft and Rosneft is officially being presented as a compromise, it is in fact a great success for Rosneft

Szymon Kardaś

The key element of Chișinău’s diversification project is the construction of the Iasi-Ungheni pipeline, but it won't resolve problem before the end of the current decade.

OSW Commentary
Kamil Całus

On 8 October, President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia has provided economic assistance to Ukraine in the form of gas sales at a significant discount to make up the winter stock in Ukraine’s underground gas storage reservoirs (UGS). The gas discount, which Russia has presented as ‘assistance to Ukraine’, primarily benefits Gazprom.

Arkadiusz Sarna

Zainicjowana  w maju 2011 roku, kilka miesięcy po awarii elektrowni atomowej w Fukushimie transformacja energetyczna RFN przedstawiana jest jako decyzja ostateczna, a ze względu na narzucone tempo zmian stanowi nową jakość w strategii energetycznej Niemiec. Głównymi jej założeniami są: rezygnacja z energii jądrowej do 2022 roku, rozwój odnawialnych źródeł energii (OZE), rozbudowa sieci przesyłowych, budowa nowych elektrowni konwencjonalnych i wzrost efektywności energetycznej.

OSW Report
Anna Kwiatkowska-Drożdż
Marta Zawilska-Florczuk
Konrad Popławski
Piotr Buras