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Work starts on Nord Stream 2’s construction
Analyses | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota

On 5 September, the Nord Stream 2 company began laying the first pipes in the Gulf of Finland, thus marking the start of the gas pipeline’s construction. 

Analyses | | Mateusz Chudziak, Mariusz Marszewski

On 7 September a summit was held in Tehran attended by Presidents Hasan Rouhani, Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

Analyses | | Marta Szpala

Several serious incidents were seen in Serbia-Kosovo relations between 3 and 9 September.

Ukraine’s presidential elections, 2019
OSW Report | | Tadeusz Iwański, Krzysztof Nieczypor

For the first time in the history of independent Ukraine, seven months before the presidential election, it is difficult to determine not only who the most likely winner will be, but also which two candidates will make it into the second round. 

A revolution in instalments. Whither Pashinyan’s Armenia now?
OSW Commentary | | Wojciech Górecki

In mid-August, a hundred days passed since Nikol Pashinyan took office as Armenia’s Prime Minister, which is an office of key importance for the Armenian political system.

Analyses | | Artur Ciechanowicz

Riots and demonstrations have been continuing since 26 August in Chemnitz, Saxony after a German citizen was killed by two immigrants.

Analyses | | Jadwiga Rogoża

On 29 August, Vladimir Putin gave a televised address in which he presented a rationale for implementing the reform raising the retirement age.

Analyses | | Krzysztof Dębiec, Jakub Groszkowski

The prime ministers of the Czech Republic and Hungary have held a series of parallel meetings over the past few days, above all to discuss the EU’s migration policy.

Analyses | | Jan Strzelecki, Tadeusz Iwański, Piotr Żochowski

On 31 August, in the centre of Donetsk, there was a successful assassination attempt against Aleksandr Zakharchenko, the leader of the unrecognised ‘Donetsk People’s Republic’.

Crisis in Turkmenistan. A test for China’s policy in the region
OSW Commentary | | Jakub Jakóbowski, Mariusz Marszewski

The currency crisis, caused by the collapse in gas prices, has turned into the most serious social and political crisis in the history of Turkmenistan.