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On 22 November the presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran, Vladimir Putin, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Hasan Rouhani, met in Sochi.
The visit of the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, to Turkey on 10 October signals a return to the instrumental partnership.
The change in Turkey’s stance towards Russia is part of a wider revision of its policy.
The conflict between the regime forces and the anti-Assad opposition appears to be entering the decisive military phase.
Russian-Turkish relations have been plunged into deep crisis in since a Turkish fighter jet downed a Russian bomber aircraft.
Moscow’s recent moves prove that it still has a strong influence in the Middle East – but this is above all the potential for destabilisation.
The crisis in EU-Russia relations over Ukraine has made the two players interested in the Southern Gas Corridor once again.
Irrespective of the pro-Ukrainian declarations made by minister Davutoğlu, one should not expect Ankara to impose sanctions.