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OSW Report | | Marek Menkiszak, Jan Strzelecki, Piotr Żochowski, Andrzej Wilk, Maria Domańska, Iwona Wiśniewska

Moscow has been developing a new model of governance for Kaliningrad Oblast in 2016. The changes in the regional government (the governance of the oblast was entrusted to people sent from Moscow and had no links with the region) were…

OSW Studies | | Kamil Całus

The Republic of Moldova is an exceptional state. It was the only Soviet republic to proclaim independence, on 27 August 1991, in order to become part of another state, i.e. Romania, rather than building its own independent political…

Point of View | | Wojciech Górecki

Regardless of the transport and social problems, the vast majority of the population have remained on the peninsula adapting to the new situation.

OSW Studies | | Kamil Kłysiński, Piotr Żochowski

The Russian narrative on Belarus changed in 2014, when Russian expert circles and the government elite essentially redefined their perception of their Belarusian ally in the context of the conflict in Ukraine and the escalation of…

Point of View | | Marcin Kaczmarski

The New Silk Road is China’s main foreign policy project, devised under Xi Jinping. Beijng is striving to build up durable influence in the states in its neighbourhood. At the same time, China’s view of the international order is…

Point of View | | Wojciech Konończuk

More than two years after the Maidan revolution, it is fully justified to say that the oligarchic system remains a key mechanism in Ukraine’s political and economic life. The oligarchs have been able to hold on to their influence thanks…

OSW Report | | Rafał Bajczuk

Natural gas, after crude oil, is the most important energy carrier in the German economy. Over the past twenty years, natural gas has been the only conventional energy carrier to have increased its share in the German energy basket.

OSW Studies | | Jolanta Darczewska

The question about the role of the armed forces in the information space is in fact a question about the role of the factor of force in the Kremlin’s policy.

Point of View | | Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

Governed by an authoritarian regime Kazakhstan has been making efforts to modernise and has been searching for new development models free of Soviet legacy.

OSW Report | | Konrad Popławski,

The latest results from the Visegrád Group states show them to be Germany’s most important trading partner.