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OSW Commentary | | Jakub Jakóbowski

The development of the ‘16+1’ format largely reflected China’s strategic aims defined at the beginning of the diplomatic offensive in the region.

Analyses | | Jakub Jakóbowski, Joanna Hyndle-Hussein, Marcin Kaczmarski

One of the principal aims underlying China’s development of the ‘16+1’ format is to increase its soft power in Europe.

OSW Commentary | | Jakub Jakóbowski

The new Chinese agenda to actively develop trade cooperation with the CEE region particularly emphasised one sector of trade.

Analyses | | Marcin Kaczmarski

From Beijing’s point of view, the way President Xi’s visit unfolded reflects the desirable form of bilateral relations between China and European countries.

Analyses | | Szymon Kardaś

The agreements highlight Russia’s increasing determination to open itself up to Chinese investments in strategic sectors.

Analyses | | Jakub Jakóbowski

The main challenge for the Chinese leadership at present is to regain investors’ confidence.

Analyses | | Marcin Kaczmarski

The document reveals the current priorities in Chinese foreign and security policy and serves as a political signal to the rest of the world.

Analyses | | Tomasz Bakunowicz, Marcin Kaczmarski

Nothing seems to indicate that Xi Jinping’s visit could change the model of relations existing currently in place between Belarus and China.

Analyses | | Marcin Kaczmarski, Szymon Kardaś

Xi Jinping’s visit to Moscow displayed a commonality of interests between Russia and China in the context of both countries’ historical policies.

OSW Commentary | | Marcin Kaczmarski

Regardless of the limited effectiveness of activities carried out so far, China has continued its ‘16+1’ initiative.