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OSW Commentary | | Tadeusz Iwański
The decision passed by the International Court of Justice in The Hague in February 2009, which finally determined the status of the Snake Island and the delimitation of the borders of Ukraine’s and Romania’s exclusive economic zones on the Black Sea’s continental shelf removed the major dispute from the agenda of relations between the two countries but it failed to reduce their mutual distrust.
Analyses | | Aleksandra Jarosiewicz, Marek Matusiak, Krzysztof Strachota
On 16 December in Zhanaozen (Mangystau region) riots broke out, and as a result of the pacification action at least ten people died. In the following days, demonstrations were also held at other places in the region.
Analyses | | Tadeusz Iwański
The European Union-Ukraine summit took place in Kyiv on 19 December, during which the end of the Association Agreement (AA) negotiation was announced, including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) agreement.
Analyses | | Katarzyna Chawryło (Jarzyńska)
On 16 December, the Russian Statistical Office released the first detailed results of the census carried out in Russia in October 2010. These confirm a dramatic drop in the population, as well as ongoing structural changes, such as the ageing population and the rising predominance of the number of women over men.
Analyses | | Witold Rodkiewicz
The first round of presidential elections was held on 11 December in Transnistria. Igor Smirnov, who had been the head of this unrecognised country for twenty years, received third largest support (24.8% of the votes) and thus lost the chance for a fifth term in office as president.
Analyses | | Jakub Groszkowski
The lower house of the Czech parliament on 14 December adopted the governmental constitution amendment introducing direct presidential elections. This was supported by both coalition and opposition MPs. The decision to relinquish the election of the president by parliament is yet to be approved by the Senate. President Václav Klaus is opposed to the amendment, but he has no right to veto constitutional laws.
Analyses | | Tomasz Dąborowski
Traian Băsescu and Abdullah Gül, the presidents of Romania and Turkey, signed a declaration of strategic partnership for the two countries on 12 December in Ankara. This declaration emphasises the special nature of Romanian-Turkish relations and is creating a framework for the further enhancement of co-operation in the areas of politics, economy, security, culture and education.
Analyses | | Marta Szpala
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) on 5 December passed a verdict concerning the complaint brought by Macedonia against Greece. The ICJ found that Greece by opposing Macedonia’s accession to NATO in 2008 breached the interim agreement the two countries signed in 1995.
Analyses | | Jadwiga Rogoża
On 10 December, unprecedented protests were held in many Russian cities against fraud during the parliamentary elections. The protests’ numbers reinforce the opposition’s mandate to continue the political struggle, as they confirm the public’s large-scale discontent with the government, including fatigue at the long-term rule of the same team.
Analyses | | Szymon Ananicz, Rafał Sadowski
On 5 December, the European Union decided to launch negotiations to create Deep And Comprehensive Free Trade Areas (DCFTA) with Moldova and Georgia. These DCFTA agreements assume the abolition of duties and quotas in mutual trade in goods and services, as well as the elimination of non-tariff barriers.