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Analyses | | Wojciech Konończuk, Sławomir Matuszak

When Moldova and Ukraine joined the Energy Community in May 2010 and February 2011 respectively, they committed themselves to adopting and implementing a series of European Union directives relating to gas, electricity, renewable energy…

Analyses | | Iwona Wiśniewska
The project was implemented quickly (the decision to build it was taken in autumn 2008, and construction started in mid-2009). However, in mid-2011, serious construction defects were revealed in the terminal, as a result of which…
Analyses | | Wojciech Górecki
On 16 March, President Dmitry Medvedev appointed a special representative for Abkhazia. This will be Alexander Tkachev, governor of Krasnodar Krai, which neighbours on Abkhazia. In turn, on 21 March, Medvedev nominated…
Analyses | | Joanna Hyndle-Hussein, Kamil Kłysiński
On 23 March, the EU decided to extend its sanctions on Belarus. The list of 232 people banned from entering the EU was extended by a further 12 names, including two major Belarusian businessmen suspected of financially supporting…
Analyses | | Artur Ciechanowicz
Nine European ministers of foreign affairs met on 20 March in Berlin upon invitation from their German counterpart, Guido Westerwelle. The  aim of the meeting was to discuss ‘the future of the European Union’, a more efficient…
Analyses | | Konrad Popławski
The German government adopted a draft amendment of this year’s budget and updated its spending plan for 2012–2016. Germany intends to observe the ‘budget brake’ rule, which imposes the obligation to keep the structural deficit at a…
OSW Commentary | | Andrzej Wilk
The ongoing professionalisation of the Russian Armed Forces should be treated as a conscious effort which is mainly necessitated by global trends: despite the demographic changes taking place, Russia could still maintain an army with…
Analyses | | Józef Lang, Marek Matusiak, Krzysztof Strachota
In the next two years, the region’s role will grow significantly for the West; Central Asia is entering a period of crucial importance in connection with the mission in Afghanistan, but is also coming into a series of important…
Analyses | | Marcin Kaczmarski
On 14 March, Russia’s foreign minister Sergei Lavrov confirmed his country’s readiness to make Ulyanovsk airport available to NATO for the transit of so-called non-lethal loads (the definition of which is quite flexible, and is…
Analyses | | Witold Rodkiewicz
The opposition Communists refused to accept the legality of the choice, despite its confirmation on 19 March by the Constitutional Court, and urged the public to civil disobedience. On the day of the election in parliament, the…