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OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś

In recent years, numerous countries have adopted their national hydrogen strategies and begun to implement them. In July 2020, the European Union also adopted its…

Analyses | | Maria Domańska

A nationwide vote on constitutional amendments was held in Russia from 25 June to 1 July. The main objectives of the constitutional reform are to enable Vladimir Putin to potentially hold…

Analyses | | Maria Domańska

On 18 June, the American conservative magazine The National Interest, which represents US intellectual circles favouring a…

Analyses | | Andrzej Wilk

President Vladimir Putin’s decree of 2 June, entitled ‘On the foundations of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of nuclear…

Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak

On 21 May, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the United States would notify the states party to the Open Skies Treaty (OST) on 22 May of its withdrawal from this agreement, which will take place within…

Analyses | | Szymon Kardaś, Kamil Kłysiński

On 15 May, Foreign Minister Uladzimir Makey announced that the US would start supplying Belarus with oil, with the first delivery to be made in June to the port in Klaipeda (Argus reports that this will be 90,000…

Analyses | | Ryszarda Formuszewicz, Szymon Kardaś

On May 15, Germany’s Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) rejected the Nord Stream 2 company’s request to grant the Nord Stream 2 pipeline derogations from the EU’s gas directive. The agency did not share the…

Point of View | | Jolanta Darczewska

Rosgvardiya is the largest internal security structure in Russia. It has been assigned independent functions (policing and intervention, critical infrastructure security, oversight of security contractors and private…

Analyses | | Iwona Wiśniewska

As of 1pm CET time on 18 March, 147 people in Russia have been diagnosed as infected with the SARS-…

OSW Commentary | | Maria Domańska

On 10–11 March, the State Duma passed, in the second and third reading, the constitutional amendments bill, thereby concluding the next step in the constitutional reform announced by Vladimir Putin on 15 January. The…