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Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak

On 15 January, shortly after President Vladimir Putin delivered his annual address to the Federal Assembly, in which he announced changes to the constitution, it was reported that Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev and his…

Analyses | | Witold Rodkiewicz

On 13 January in Moscow, Russia and Turkey made an attempt to convince the two warring sides in…

Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak, Maria Domańska, Jadwiga Rogoża

On 15 January, the Russian President Vladimir Putin gave his annual address to the Federal Assembly (the combined chambers of parliament).…

OSW Commentary | | Maria Domańska

The sacralised Soviet victory over Nazism is a central element of the politics of memory, as utilised by the Russian state today. It constitutes an…

Analyses | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota

The US Congress adopted the defence budget (National Defense Authorization Act, NDAA) for 2020 which envisages sanctions concerning the Nord Stream 2 (NS2) gas…

Analyses | | Katarzyna Chawryło Jarzyńska, Tadeusz Iwański

On 9 December, a meeting of the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France and Germany was held in Paris under the so-called “Normandy Format” dedicated to resolving the conflict in…

Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński, Katarzyna Chawryło Jarzyńska, Iwona Wiśniewska

Presidents Vladimir Putin and Alyaksandr Lukashenka met on 7 December in Sochi, Russia. They spent five hours discussing issues linked to the integration of the two…

OSW Commentary | | Maria Domańska

The Russian leadership views the Internet primarily as a battlefield of an information war, i.e. an alternative to military action in the context of the ongoing…

Analyses | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota, Szymon Kardaś, Piotr Szymański, Sławomir Matuszak

On 30 October the Danish Energy Agency (DEA) issued a permit allowing the construction of Nord Stream 2 in the Danish exclusive economic zone on the route that runs southeast from Bornholm, thereby rejecting the…

Analyses | | Krzysztof Strachota, Mariusz Marszewski

Russian president Vladimir Putin and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan reached an agreement on 22 October regarding coordination of operations in north-eastern Syria, including the future prospects for the Turkish…