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OSW Studies | | Jakub Jakóbowski, Konrad Popławski, Marcin Kaczmarski

The report discusses the current state and future prospects of rail connections between China and the countries of the European Union. Special emphasis is placed on the role of Central Europe. 

OSW Studies | | Marcin Kaczmarski

Chinese elites do not treat Europe as an equal partner and are convinced that China holds the upper hand over Europe.

OSW Studies | | Józef Lang, Maciej Falkowski

The end of the Western military presence in Central Asia will mean the West’s influence on the security sphere in the region will be marginalised.

OSW Studies | | Krzysztof Strachota, Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

The collapse of the USSR brought about conditions conducive to the dynamic development of relations between Central Asia and China. These relations have evolved from deep mistrust to the continually growing Chinese presence primarily in…