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Analyses | | Krzysztof Nieczypor

On 6 March the so-called People’s Council of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR) unanimously voted to introduce changes to…

OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś, Wojciech Konończuk

A five-year contract concerning Russian gas transit via Ukraine was signed after four days of negotiations on 30 December 2019. The previous contract expired on 1 January 2020.…

Analyses | | Katarzyna Chawryło Jarzyńska, Tadeusz Iwański

On 9 December, a meeting of the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France and Germany was held in Paris under the so-called “Normandy Format” dedicated to resolving the conflict in…

Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński, Katarzyna Chawryło Jarzyńska, Iwona Wiśniewska

Presidents Vladimir Putin and Alyaksandr Lukashenka met on 7 December in Sochi, Russia. They spent five hours discussing issues linked to the integration of the two…

Analyses | | Tadeusz Iwański, Krzysztof Nieczypor

On 1 October, the Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky announced that an agreement had been reached to implement the so-called Steinmeier formula as part of resolving the…

Analyses | | Wojciech Konończuk

A working meeting was held on 2 September in Berlin as part of preparations so-called Normandy Format summit (leaders of Ukraine, Russia, Germany and France) for settling…

Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński, Jan Strzelecki, Piotr Żochowski

On 30 April, Russia’s president Vladimir Putin dismissed Mikhail Babich from the position of ambassador in Minsk and replaced him with Dmitry Mezentsev, a member of the…

Analyses | | Szymon Kardaś, Wojciech Konończuk

On 19 April, the Belarusian oil company Belneftekhim reported a significant deterioration in the quality of Russian oil transmitted to Belarus via the Druzhba pipeline. The…

Analyses | | Jan Strzelecki, Krzysztof Nieczypor

On 24 April, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin signed a decree introducing a simplified procedure for granting citizenship to the residents of the separatist republics in the Donbas (DNR/LNR). In its rationale for the…

Analyses | | Jan Strzelecki

Moscow’s official reaction to Volodymyr Zelenskiy’s victory in the presidential elections in Ukraine has so far…