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Analyses | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota

The US Congress adopted the defence budget (National Defense Authorization Act, NDAA) for 2020 which envisages sanctions concerning the Nord Stream 2 (NS2) gas…

Analyses | | Katarzyna Chawryło Jarzyńska, Tadeusz Iwański

On 9 December, a meeting of the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France and Germany was held in Paris under the so-called “Normandy Format” dedicated to resolving the conflict in…

Analyses | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota

On 20 February, the Committee of Permanent Representatives of the EU Council (COREPER) endorsed a compromise version of the amendments to the gas directive which had been agreed a week earlier during the tripartite ‘…

Analyses | | Justyna Gotkowska

On 4 December, the NATO Foreign Affairs Ministers issued a statement confirming that Russia had violated the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (…

Analyses | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota

On 5 September, the Nord Stream 2 company began laying the first pipes in the Gulf of Finland, thus marking the start of the gas pipeline’s construction. 

Analyses | | Witold Rodkiewicz, Anna Kwiatkowska-Drożdż

On 18 August, Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Vladimir Putin held a working meeting at the castle in Meseberg near Berlin.

Analyses | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota, Konrad Popławski

Despite causing great controversy in the EU, plans to build the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline are steadily being implemented.

Analyses | | Konrad Popławski

The reservations expressed by the UK regarding Russia taking over RWE DEA’s British assets  may cause the whole transaction to fall through.

Analyses | | Konrad Popławski

Both the German and the Russian side want the contract to build a fast railway connection from Moscow to Kazan to be concluded.

Analyses | | Kamil Frymark, Anna Kwiatkowska-Drożdż

The German government sees its role in the Russian-Ukrainian conflict over Crimea as that of a liaison in maintaining dialogue between Russia and the West.