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Analyses | | Arkadiusz Sarna

In recent weeks, shares in Ukraine’s regional and local natural gas distribution companies (NGDCs) have been privatised; these previously belonged to the state-owned Naftogaz. Fourteen of the seventeen winners of competitions were…

OSW Commentary | | Wojciech Konończuk, Witold Rodkiewicz

Moldova’s progress in its negotiations on an Association Agreement with the European Union, with a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) as its key element, has become a source of tension between Chisinau and the breakaway…

Analyses | | Tadeusz A Olszański

The parliamentary elections to be held in Ukraine on 28 October will most likely be won by the ruling Party of Regions (PR); they will receive the most support in the proportional voting, and win the largest number of seats in the…

OSW Studies | | Sławomir Matuszak

The Ukrainian oligarchic system, which developed into its ultimate shape during Leonid Kuchma’s second presidency, turned out to be very durable. The nature of close relations between the government and the oligarchs has not undergone…

Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński

On 1 October the Belarusian National Statistical Committee published data on the external trade balance of Belarus for the period between January and August this year. During these eight months the positive trade balance stood at US$ 1.…