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OSW Commentary | | Andrzej Wilk, Piotr Żochowski
The Zapad-2021 strategic exercises, scheduled for 10–16 September, are the most important training programme yet undertaken held by the Russian Armed Forces and the Belarusian army which cooperates with them. As they involve as many as 200…
Analyses | | Andrzej Wilk
On 31 May, the head of the Russian Federation’s Ministry of Defence, General Sergei Shoigu, speaking at the ministry’s college, announced that by the end of this year around 20 large tactical formations and military units will be created…
Analyses | | Andrzej Wilk
On 22 April, the so-called active phase of the combat readiness test of the Southern and Western Military Districts (MDs) being held at military training grounds in Crimea and the surrounding waters reached its final stage. A total of 10,…
Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak, Andrzej Wilk
Since the end of March, the government in Kyiv has been warning that Russia is transferring additional armed forces to the Ukrainian border, which, as it says, may mean Russia is making preparations for a new phase of military operations.…
Analyses | | Krzysztof Nieczypor, Andrzej Wilk, Piotr Żochowski
During the last days of March, representatives of Ukraine’s government (including President Zelensky) and army announced that Russia was preparing a wide-ranging armed provocation against Ukraine. According to the Commander-in-Chief of the…
OSW Report | | Andrzej Wilk
In the 2010s, Minsk lost the remnants of its independent defence capabilities and completely ceded the initiative to Moscow in this regard, remaining content with the appearance of sovereignty. The process of Belarusian-Russian military…
Analyses | | Witold Rodkiewicz, Andrzej Wilk, Piotr Żochowski
On 1 December, Russia signed an agreement with Sudan allowing it to create a repair and resupply naval facility in Port Sudan. It will have a full-time staff of no more than  300 and  will be able to accommodate up to  four Russian Navy…
OSW Commentary | | Andrzej Wilk
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Southern Military District (SMD), which is the smallest of all the main administrative units of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in terms of landmass, has been one of the most powerful…
Analyses | | Andrzej Wilk
President Vladimir Putin’s decree of 2 June, entitled ‘On the foundations of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of nuclear deterrence’ has been described as a document on defence planning at the strategic level. It…
OSW Report | | Maria Domańska, Szymon Kardaś, Marek Menkiszak, Jadwiga Rogoża, Andrzej Wilk, Iwona Wiśniewska, Piotr Żochowski
The purpose of the present paper is to analyse the most important changes that have taken place in the Kaliningrad Oblast since 2016. Part One analyses the dynamics of the political and social situation with special focus on: changes in…