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Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński
On 24–25 April, the All-Belarusian People’s Assembly (ABPA) convened in Minsk for its seventh congress since the establishment of the independent Republic of Belarus, and the first since the ABPA was given the status of a constitutional…
Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński
In 2023, trade between the European Union and Belarus was characterised by a significant surplus of EU exports over imports. Sales to the Belarusian market totalled €8.1 billion, while trade in the opposite direction was almost six times…
Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński, Piotr Żochowski
On 25 February, the parliamentary elections in Belarus were combined for the first time with local council elections as part of the so-called single voting day. Belarusians elected 110 deputies to the House of Representatives (out of a…
Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński
On 5 January, an amendment to the legal act ‘On freedom of conscience and religious organisations’ was published in the Belarusian legal register. The government justified this change in the law in terms of “the need to put the legislation…
Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński
On 8 December, Belarusian president Alyaksandr Lukashenka visited the United Arab Emirates, where he met President Muhammad ibn-Zayid al-Nahayyan. Their topics of discussion included deepening bilateral trade and investment cooperation.…
OSW Commentary | | Kamil Kłysiński
Since the beginning of the 1990s, Belarus’s demographic situation has seen a steady decline in its population. This has been due to both a declining birth rate and increasing emigration. As a consequence, from the beginning of Belarusian…
OSW Commentary | | Kamil Kłysiński
Macroeconomic data for the first six months of 2023 confirm Belarus’s steadily increasing dependence on Russia. In the second year of the war, Minsk is paying a high price for its complicity in Russia’s aggression, the regime’s acts of…
Analyses | | Andrzej Wilk, Jakub Ber, Kamil Kłysiński
Russian forces have probably succeeded in widening their bridgehead on the left bank of the Zherebets river, and they may have occupied the hills between Nadiya and Novoyehorivka (according to some sources, the latter has now been…
Analyses | | Joanna Hyndle-Hussein, Kamil Kłysiński
On 13 May the Belarusian Ministry of Energy announced that the second unit of the Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) had been connected to the Belarusian electricity grid. It uses a VVER type reactor manufactured by Rosatom. The power…
OSW Commentary | | Kamil Kłysiński, Piotr Żochowski
As the Belarusian regime has intensified its policy of repression against society since August 2020, its other domestic policy priorities have come to include an overhaul of the education system and stricter supervision over Belarusian…