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Analyses | | Adam Michalski, Witold Rodkiewicz
The first meeting between the presidents of Turkey and Russia after a year and a half took place in Sochi on 29 September. The talks between Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Vladimir Putin were closed to the media and lasted almost three hours.…
Analyses | | Adam Michalski, Krzysztof Strachota
On the sidelines of the NATO summit in Brussels (14 June), for the first time US President Joe Biden met with the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. The talks lasted 45 minutes (although they were initially scheduled for 90).
Analyses | | Mateusz Chudziak
On 14February the Turkish Armed Forces reported that they had found the bodies of 13 prisoners of war in the Gara region in northern Iraq, and that they had been murdered by the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) which had been controlling…
OSW Commentary | | Wojciech Górecki, Mateusz Chudziak
The Nagorno-Karabakh war of autumn 2020 and the military parade organised in Baku after its end, which was jointly hosted by the presidents of Azerbaijan and Turkey, Ilham Aliyev and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, highlighted the potential of the…
Analyses | | Mateusz Chudziak
Tensions between Turkey and Greece have escalated in recent weeks, involving a number of external actors, including the EU and NATO. The dispute revolves around Turkey’s exploration of natural gas in the waters between the Greek islands…
Analyses | | Mateusz Chudziak
Turkey has become increasingly assertive in foreign policy over the past few weeks, while facing the serious risk of economic collapse at home. This is especially visible in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea basin, where the…
Analyses | | Mateusz Chudziak, Witold Rodkiewicz
On 19 February the Syrian armed opposition, supported by Turkish forces, attempted a counter-offensive against the Assad regime’s army, with support from Russian air forces. In the first phase, these actions enabled the opposition to break…
Analyses | | Krzysztof Strachota, Mariusz Marszewski
On 3 February, direct clashes broke out between Syrian and Turkish troops in the region of Idlib. First, Syrian troops bombed and shelled Turkish checkpoints, killing at least 14 Turkish soldiers. According to Ankara, around 135 Syrian…
Analyses | | Mateusz Chudziak, Kamil Frymark
German Chancellor Angela Merkel met with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan while on a visit to Turkey on 24 January. During the conversation, she announced that Germany would back the continuation of EU support for Turkey that has been…
Analyses | | Mateusz Chudziak
During an extraordinary session on 2 January, Turkey’s parliament gave the government permission to send troops to Libya. In late December the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli sent an official request for…