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OSW Studies | | Jakub Jakóbowski, Konrad Popławski, Marcin Kaczmarski

The report discusses the current state and future prospects of rail connections between China and the countries of the European Union. Special emphasis is placed on the role of Central Europe. 

OSW Commentary | | Jakub Jakóbowski

The development of the ‘16+1’ format largely reflected China’s strategic aims defined at the beginning of the diplomatic offensive in the region.

OSW Commentary | | Marcin Kaczmarski

Regardless of the limited effectiveness of activities carried out so far, China has continued its ‘16+1’ initiative.