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Analyses | | Michał Kędzierski
On 12 May, the Bundestag voted through an amendment to the Act on ensuring the energy supply (Energiesicherungsgesetz). This significantly increases the scope for state interference in the activities of companies managing Germany's…
Analyses | | Anna Kwiatkowska
Germany has decided to radically revise its policy towards Russia. The government of Olaf Scholz has suspended the certification process of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, agreed to the exclusion of selected Russian banks from the SWIFT…
Analyses | | Michał Kędzierski, Szymon Kardaś, Agata Łoskot-Strachota
On 22 February, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced that he had instructed the economy minister Robert Habeck to withdraw the positive assessment of the impact of launching the Nord Stream 2 (NS2) gas pipeline on the security of gas…
Analyses | | Krzysztof Nieczypor, Tadeusz Iwański
In recent days, there has been a crisis in relations between Ukraine and Germany, caused by a series of actions by Berlin that impeded the transfer of weapons to the Ukrainian army in the face of a potential attack from Russia, as well as…
Analyses | | Michał Kędzierski
In 2022, the German hydrogen foundation H2Global will begin full-scale operations. The go-ahead comes after the European Commission confirmed on 20 December 2021 that its model complies with EU regulations on state aid, and after receiving…
Analyses | | Anna Kwiatkowska
Germany's response to Russian demands for a revision of the European security order and for Russia to be guaranteed a sphere of influence in the post-Soviet area has been inconsistent and overcautious. So far, it in no way resembles the…
Analyses | | Michał Kędzierski
The record-high prices of electricity and natural gas observed since mid-2021 on European exchanges have led to major rises in energy prices for consumers. The information released on 10 January by the Check24 price comparison website…
Analyses | | Michał Kędzierski, Szymon Kardaś, Agata Łoskot-Strachota
On 28 November, the American news website Axios reported on a non-paper that was sent on 19 November by the German government, via the embassy in Washington, to members of the US Congress concerning the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. Its…
Analyses | | Michał Kędzierski, Szymon Kardaś
On 16 November, the German Federal Network Agency (Bundesnetzagentur, BNetzA) announced it was suspending the process of certifying Nord Stream 2 AG (NS2AG) as an independent transmission system operator. In its statement the regulator…
Analyses | | Kamil Frymark
For several weeks, Olaf Scholz – the Social Democratic Party (SPD)’s candidate for chancellor – has continued to rise in popularity. If direct elections to this post were held, the current finance minister and vice-chancellor would…