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OSW Commentary | | Agata Łoskot-Strachota, Mateusz Seroka, Marta Szpala

December 2020 saw the completion of another part (Bulgaria–Serbia) of the European section of the TurkStream gas pipeline, through which gas has been exported from…

OSW Commentary | | Kamil Całus

On 3 November, the Romanian parliament declared that 4 June would be a new public holiday commemorating the signing of the Treaty of Trianon on that day in 1920. This…

OSW Commentary | | Marta Szpala

The negotiations between Serbia and Kosovo aimed at reaching a comprehensive agreement to normalise relations between the two states are to enter a new phase in September.

OSW Commentary | | Marta Szpala

The EU-Western Balkans summit held on 17 May in Sofia is one example of the EU’s increasing interest in the Balkan states which aspire to membership.

OSW Commentary | | Marta Szpala

Politicians in Kosovo and Serbia see the dialogue through the prism of the benefits they can get from Brussels and the EU member states.

OSW Commentary | | Marta Szpala

The Macedonian government has moved away from a policy of reform towards reinforcing its autocratic system and consolidating society behind nationalist slogans.

OSW Commentary | | Jakub Jakóbowski

The development of the ‘16+1’ format largely reflected China’s strategic aims defined at the beginning of the diplomatic offensive in the region.

OSW Studies | | Kamil Całus

Romania and Moldova have developed very strong ties, resulting mainly from many years of common history, language and cultural heritage.

OSW Commentary | | Marcin Kaczmarski

Regardless of the limited effectiveness of activities carried out so far, China has continued its ‘16+1’ initiative.

OSW Commentary | | Marta Szpala

Moscow wants to use Belgrade in its confrontation with the West, but Russia does not have much to offer to Serbia’s authorities.