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Analyses | | Kamil Kłysiński, Piotr Żochowski
On 27–28 September, representatives of the Belarusian and Russian defence ministries met in Moscow for talks on the prospects for military cooperation. Belarusian military officials announced an unannounced test of the combat &…
Analyses | | Szymon Kardaś, Agata Łoskot-Strachota
On 26 September Gascade, a gas network operator in eastern Germany, reported that there had been a large drop in pressure in the Nord Stream 2 (NS2) pipeline, from 105 to 7 bar. In the late afternoon, Denmark confirmed a leak from one of…
Analyses | | Andrzej Wilk, Piotr Żochowski
The situation on the front remained essentially unchanged. Russian forces continued to attack Ukrainian positions on the eastern outskirts of Bakhmut, as well as to the north, southeast, and south of the city. Fighting also took place…
Analyses | | Lidia Gibadło, Michał Kędzierski
On 24-25 September, Olaf Scholz visited Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. In Jeddah, he met with heir to the throne Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman. They discussed energy and economic cooperation, particularly hydrogen…
Analyses | | Andrzej Sadecki
In recent weeks, the Hungarian government’s main message at home and abroad has been to criticise EU sanctions against Russia and advocate lifting them, or at least not imposing any new sanctions. Fidesz politicians have accompanied this…
Analyses | | Kamil Całus
On 25 September protests were held in Chisinau against Moldova’s pro-West president Maia Sandu and the Moldovan government linked to her Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS). There were around 7,000-10,000 protesters who above all raised…
Analyses | | OSW team
On 23–27 September, ‘referendums’ on the annexation of four Ukrainian regions to Russia were held in the occupied territories in Ukraine. They were organised in the so-called Donetsk People’s Republic (Donetsk oblast; DPR), the Luhansk…
Analyses | | Piotr Żochowski, Andrzej Wilk
The mobilisation in Russia announced on 21 September, is being implemented hurriedly, with military commissions failing to adhere to its guidelines for conscripting reservists only of specific specialities. The organisational problems are…
Analyses | | Sławomir Matuszak
On 21 September the Verkhovna Rada adopted a law which reinstated excise on fuels – 100 euros for 1,000 litres of petrol and diesel and 52 euros for 1,000 litres of LPG. Purchases made by the Ministry of Defence during martial law (no…
Analyses | | Andrzej Wilk, Piotr Żochowski
On 22 September, 215 soldiers fighting on the Ukrainian side (including 108 from the Azov regiment) were exchanged for Viktor Medvedchuk – a pro-Russian politician with close personal ties to Vladimir Putin – and 55 Russian soldiers.…