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Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak, Piotr Żochowski
In the afternoon of 22 March, four masked gunmen carrying automatic weapons stormed into the Crocus City Hall in Krasnogorsk on the outskirts of Moscow (next to the north-western section of the Moscow ring road). They opened fire at random…
OSW Commentary | | Maria Domańska, Marek Menkiszak, Katarzyna Chawryło
On 16 February, the Russian Federal Penitentiary Service announced that Alexei Navalny, the leading figure of the Russian democratic opposition, had died in a penal colony. The circumstances of his death remain unclear, and the official…
Point of View | | Marek Menkiszak
Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine is aimed at subjugating or destroying this country, upending the current political and security order in Europe and forcing a major revision of the global order. The conflict is systemic and will…
Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak, Maria Domańska, Piotr Żochowski
On the afternoon of 30 September, President Vladimir Putin signed ‘agreements’ to annex four Ukrainian oblasts to Russia: Donetsk (the so-called Donetsk People’s Republic, DPR), Luhansk (the so-called Luhansk People’s Republic, LPR),…
Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak
On 20 September, the authorities of the puppet so-called Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics in the Russian-occupied part of the Ukrainian Donbas, as well as the Russian administrations of occupied parts of the Kherson and Zaporizhzhia…
Analyses | | Krzysztof Strachota, Katarzyna Chawryło, Michał Bogusz, Marek Menkiszak
On 15–16 September, the 22nd summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO; see Appendix) was held in Samarkand, with the participation of the leaders of its member states – China, Russia, India, Pakistan and all Central Asian…
Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak, Iwona Wiśniewska
On 27 July, Gazprom – following on from its announcement of 25 July – reduced gas supplies via the Nord Stream 1 (NS1) pipeline to its European customers. Gas shipments fell from about 65 million cubic metres per day (about 39% of the…
Analyses | | Marek Menkiszak
On 11 July, in line with previous announcements and annual practice, Gazprom stopped gas deliveries to European customers via the Nord Stream 1 (NS1) pipeline, which runs from Russia to Germany along the Baltic Sea bed.
OSW Commentary | | Marek Menkiszak
Although 100 days have passed since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Moscow has not achieved even the hypothetical minimum objective of the operation: the capture of the entire Donbas. The fierce Ukrainian resistance and…
OSW Commentary | | Marek Menkiszak
Three weeks after the start of the war against Ukraine, the Kremlin’s political objectives have not been achieved. The resistance from the Ukrainian armed forces persists, the morale of Ukrainian society is high, and the very serious…