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OSW Report | | Andrzej Wilk

In the 2010s, Minsk lost the remnants of its independent defence capabilities and completely ceded the initiative to Moscow in this regard, remaining content with the appearance of sovereignty. The process of…

OSW Commentary | | Jadwiga Rogoża, Katarzyna Chawryło, Piotr Żochowski

Due to the dynamic and surprising development of events in Belarus, Russia’s previous tactic –weakening Alyaksandr Lukashenka’s position in…

OSW Commentary | | Andrzej Wilk

The Russian-Belarusian Zapad-2017 exercises, scheduled for 14–20 September, have for many months been the core of an information war between Russia and NATO. 

OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś, Kamil Kłysiński

The energy sector is an essential area in Russian-Belarusian relations.

OSW Studies | | Kamil Kłysiński, Piotr Żochowski

The Russian narrative on Belarus changed in 2014, when Russian expert circles and the government elite essentially redefined their perception of their Belarusian ally in the context of the conflict in Ukraine and the escalation of…

OSW Commentary | | Jan Strzelecki

The economic crisis in Russia is affecting the uncompetitive post-Soviet economies which are dependent on Moscow.

OSW Studies | | Iwona Wiśniewska

In 2009, Vladimir Putin, the then Russian prime minister, gave impetus to the establishment of closer relations within what was then a still narrow group of three countries: Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus. Close co-operation is expected…

Point of View | | Agata Wierzbowska-Miazga

Despite the conflicts and frictions in their bilateral relations, Russia has for years regularly invested in Belarus. Moscow’s support has become an important factor allowing the Belarusian economic model to continue, which in turn…

OSW Studies | | Wojciech Konończuk

Belarus holds a special position in Russian policy due to its geopolitical, military and transit significance. Russia's influence and position in the entire Eastern European region largely depend on how strong Russian influence in…

OSW Report | | Leszek Szerepka, Marta Jaroszewicz

In recent years, both in Poland and across Europe, the problem of international migration has been transformed from an issue which merely concerned a narrow group of analysts and officials into an area of interest for broad social…