On 2 May, the Permanent Court of Arbitration passed a ruling in a case brought by a group of Ukrainian companies and one individual against the Russian Federation.

OSW Commentary
Krzysztof Nieczypor
The fight for canonical independence for Ukrainian Orthodoxy

The Ukrainian Orthodox Church-Kyiv Patriarchate and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church have submitted a request to grant autocephaly to Ukrainian Orthodoxy. 

OSW Commentary
Tadeusz A. Olszański
Identity policy in the self-proclaimed republics in east Ukraine

Four years since the unrecognized ‘republics’ in the east of Ukraine were declared, their future remains unclear. 

OSW Commentary
Julia Abibok
Poroshenko stands alone. Ukraine politics in a pre-election year

The year 2019 will be an election year in Ukraine, with a presidential election in the spring and a parliamentary election in the autumn.

OSW Commentary
Tadeusz Iwański
Rebuilding Germany’s air defence capabilities: on the eve of crucial decisions

As NATO has returned its focus to collective defence since 2014, very short, short-range and medium-range surface-based air defence has become a desirable capability. 

OSW Commentary
Justyna Gotkowska
A new opening in relations between the EU and the Western Balkans

The EU-Western Balkans summit held on 17 May in Sofia is one example of the EU’s increasing interest in the Balkan states which aspire to membership.

OSW Commentary
Marta Szpala
High on the party, low on the state. A quantum leap in the process of China’s reconstruction

At its annual session in March 2018, the National People’s Congress approved a series of changes to the structure and organisation of the Central People’s Government.

OSW Commentary
Jakub Jakóbowski
Michał Bogusz
 Overstretched? Denmark’s security policy and armed forces in light of the new Defence Agreement

In January 2018, Denmark adopted a new Defence Agreement for 2018–2023 – a cross-party strategy for the development of the Danish armed forces.

OSW Commentary
Piotr Szymański
A test of strength. The escalation of the crisis in Russian-American relations

On 6 April, the Trump administration introduced additional, more severe sanctions against Russia, covering 24 people and 14 companies. 

OSW Commentary
Marek Menkiszak
Ukrainian-Russian gas co-operation has been revised | Photo credit: Shutterstock

The awards by the Arbitral Tribunal have radically changed the model of Ukrainian-Russian gas relations.

OSW Commentary
Szymon Kardaś
Tadeusz Iwański