The history of the special services and the ideas which organise them in the symbolic sphere are an important part of the reflection on their contemporary role and position. Over the centuries, the secret services defined Russia's relations with the outside world, shaped its domestic situation, and influenced the fate of the societies and nations that were part of the Russian and Soviet empires.
On 19 July, on the first reading, the State Duma adopted a draft law on raising the retirement age of women from 55 to 63 years and men from 60 to 65.
In recent weeks there has been a cooling in the traditionally friendly relations between Greece and Russia.
On 14 June, Russia opened the FIFA World Cup and won the first game. On the same day, the Russian government announced unpopular bills.
The ceremony of swearing in Vladimir Putin for a fourth presidency took place on 7 May at the Kremlin.
The Russian oligarchs Ziyavudin and Magomed Magomedov, who control the Summa holding were arrested on 31 March.
According to official data, the death toll of the fire at the Winter Cherry shopping mall in Kemerovo was 64 (77 according to the list made by the victims’ families).
A presidential election was held in Russia on 18 March. As expected, it was won by Vladimir Putin, who garnered, according to official results, almost 77% of the votes.
The current system of government in Russia will not collapse, although signs of destabilisation may appear. The authorities will not carry out any reforms, political or economic. A process of ‘technocratisation’ will take place. The economy will remain dependent on external factors. Despite the implementation of energy infrastructure projects, exports of raw materials will not rise significantly.
Since mid-January Dagestan has been witnessing an anti-corruption operation unprecedented in Russia in terms of its scale.