Armenia and the EU signed a Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA) during the Eastern Partnership summit in Brussels.

Wojciech Górecki

The fifth Eastern Partnership summit will take place in Brussels on 24 November. This programme is perceived differently today by Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova.

Kamil Kłysiński
Tadeusz Iwański
Kamil Całus

In recent weeks, Russia has stepped up its efforts to prevent a group of former Soviet republics from tightening their relations with the European Union. The intensification of these efforts comes ahead of the upcoming Eastern Partnership summit, scheduled to take place in Vilnius on 28-29 November.

OSW Commentary
Agata Wierzbowska-Miazga

Over the four years since its launch, the Eastern Partnership initiative has created frameworks and mechanisms for the integration of EaP countries with the EU. Despite this, the partner countries have so far made little meaningful progress in modernisation, implementation of reforms or integration with the EU.

Point of View
Rafał Sadowski

To make the abolition of visas in relations between the EU and the Eastern European countries possible, the ”spell cast” must be broken on this issue. With the present levels of mobility and people-to-people, business and political contacts the introduction of a visa-free regime will be a natural consequence of the liberalisation processes which have been at work for years.

Point of View
Marta Jaroszewicz
Only the Belarusian opposition was present at the summit. The EU member states unanimously adopted a declaration in which they reiterated their conditions for returning to dialogue with Minsk. Meanwhile a draft EU aid package for Belarus with a total value of approximately US$9 billion was presented, which can only be implemented after Brussels’ demands have been met.
Kamil Kłysiński
The launch of a special grant facility to support the Eastern Partnership as part of the International Visegrad Fund was agreed on 16 June during the summit meeting of the Visegrad Group prime ministers in Bratislava. However, this symbolic reinforcement of the Fund’s engagement in the East does not exhaust the Group’s potential in this area. The Czech Republic, which is taking over the annual presidency of the Visegrad Group from Slovakia, will make efforts to coordinate activities linked to developmental and transformational assistance. The need to further coordinate the stances of the Central European countries in the EU was emphasised during the summit. The leaders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary declared their full support for the priorities of the Polish presidency of the Council of the EU.
On 10 February, the European Parliament (EP) decided to convene the first meeting of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Eastern Partnership EURONEST in March. The meeting will take place without the participation of any representatives from Belarus. The Parliament’s decision ends an almost two-year stalemate that had prevented the launch of the EURONEST project.
Germany has set its own bilateral cooperation with partner countries in the east above the joint projects of the Eastern Partnership. In doing so, Berlin's guiding principle is that German money allocated for the projects on development cooperation in the east should bring political and economic benefits first of all to Germany.
OSW Commentary
Justyna Gotkowska

On 24 May an informal summit of foreign ministers from the Eastern Partnership (EaP) took place in Sopot. The initiators of the meeting were Spain and Poland; by this action, the latter is aiming to activate this EU initiative. The meeting did not bring about any concrete results, and its aim was principally to maintain political dialogue within the framework of the EaP.