2021 - 2030 z 2261
On 2 September, the Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin stated during his meeting with the visiting leader of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan, Almazbek Atambayev, that the Russian government will give aid amounting to US$10m to that country. Receiving, at such a high level, a politician who does not currently hold any government function, and announcing in his presence the decision to send aid for Kyrgyzstan, is of great political significance for Atambayev, especially on the eve of parliamentary elections. These gestures may also be a signal that Moscow would be glad to see Atambayev as a future political leader in Kyrgyzstan.
On 5 September in Baku, Gazprom signed an agreement under which the Russian monopoly will increase its purchases from Azerbaijan from 1 billion cubic meters (bcm) in 2010 to 2 bcm of gas in 2011. This agreement, which is not immediately beneficial to Russia, is the price which Gazprom is ready to pay to minimise the possibility that Azerbaijan will export gas from the Caspian region to Europe along paths bypassing Russia, especially along the planned Nabucco pipeline.
On 3 September near Minsk, the body of the opposition journalist Alyeh Byabyenin was found. Although it is difficult at the moment to state unequivocally what the actual cause of death was, in the political context, the death of a Belarusian journalist will be another contentious issue in relations between the EU and Belarus. At the same time, the incident will be exploited in the ongoing Russian media campaign directed at President Alyaksandr Lukashenka.
Analyses | | Tomasz Dąborowski
The replacement of some members of the cabinet will curb conflict inside the key party in the coalition and allow Emil Boc’s government to finish the implementation of the savings programme
Analyses | | Artur Ciechanowicz, Marta Zawilska-Florczuk
The heated debate over Thilo Sarrazin’s chauvinist theses shows the real scale of problems linked to immigrant integration in Germany.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on 1 August granted consent for a raise in public sector wages and a re-evaluation of pensions and social allowances in January 2011, the first one since 2009. The government hopes that this move will improve public sentiment and stimulate economic growth.
On 5 September, the ministers of environmental protection and the economy developed a compromise draft new energy policy for Germany. The key guidelines of this strategy include an extension of the operation period of nuclear reactors on average by 12 years, the development of renewable energy sources, which are to cover 50% of electric energy consumption in 2030, and a reduction of energy consumption (especially in the construction industry). The strategy, before being implemented, has yet to be approved by the government and, in the case of the nuclear power sector provisions, by the Constitutional Court (the opposition has promised to contest it).
Turkey’s President Abdullah Gul visited Bosnia and Herzegovina on 2 – 3 September. This visit by a representative of the Turkish state to the Balkans following on the heels of previous visits proves Ankara’s increasing interest in this region. However, this stronger engagement in BiH has provoked protests from Bosnian Serb leaders, who are accusing Turkey of supporting the policy of Bosnian Muslims.
The Central Council of Jews in Germany has suspended its participation in the work of the Board of the Foundation Flight, Expulsion, Reconciliation, which is in charge of building the expulsions museum. According to the organisation which represents Jews in Germany, some members of the Foundation’s Board propagate ‘revanchist views’ and do not guarantee that the institution will be functioning in a reliable way.
Analyses | | Jadwiga Rogoża
Concessions by the Russian government in face of protests are intended to neutralise the dissatisfaction of active groups in Russian society.