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OSW Studies | | Tadeusz A Olszański

Among all of the countries that border Ukraine, the Russian Federation is its most important partner. Ukraine·s relations with Moscow are the key issue of its foreign policy to such an extent that each option of the Ukrainian foreign…

OSW Studies | | Agata Wierzbowska-Miazga

Belarus has not broken off its bonds with Moscow after the break-up of the Soviet Union. Throughout the whole period of the Belarussian independence we can observe the country·s strong political, economic and military dependence on…

OSW Studies | | Marek Menkiszak

A year has passed since Vladimir Putin was sworn in as President of the Russian Federation on 7 May 2000, five months after taking over the duties of head of state from Boris Yeltsin. This prompts our attempt at a certain summing-up of…

OSW Studies | | Bartosz Cichocki, Andrzej Wilk, Katarzyna Pełczyńska-Nałęcz

Last year Kaliningrad became the subject of an international debate involving first of all the European Union, Russia, the USA, and the countries bordering the enclave, Poland and Lithuania. Such keen interest in a small region of less…

OSW Studies | | Anna Wołowska

Caspian stocks of energy resources are not, and most probably will not be, of any great significance on the world scale. Nevertheless it is the Caspian region which will have the opportunity to become an oil exporter which will reduce…

OSW Studies | | Katarzyna Pełczyńska-Nałęcz

The current condition of the gas industry is one of the most crucial factors influencing the Russian state·s functioning, internal situation and international position. Not only is gas the principal energy resource in Russia, it also…