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Analyses | | Joanna Hyndle-Hussein, Kamil Kłysiński
On 23 March, the EU decided to extend its sanctions on Belarus. The list of 232 people banned from entering the EU was extended by a further 12 names, including two major Belarusian businessmen suspected of financially supporting…
Analyses | | Artur Ciechanowicz
Nine European ministers of foreign affairs met on 20 March in Berlin upon invitation from their German counterpart, Guido Westerwelle. The  aim of the meeting was to discuss ‘the future of the European Union’, a more efficient…
Analyses | | Konrad Popławski
The German government adopted a draft amendment of this year’s budget and updated its spending plan for 2012–2016. Germany intends to observe the ‘budget brake’ rule, which imposes the obligation to keep the structural deficit at a…
OSW Commentary | | Andrzej Wilk
The ongoing professionalisation of the Russian Armed Forces should be treated as a conscious effort which is mainly necessitated by global trends: despite the demographic changes taking place, Russia could still maintain an army with…
Analyses | | Wojciech Konończuk, Sławomir Matuszak

When Moldova and Ukraine joined the Energy Community in May 2010 and February 2011 respectively, they committed themselves to adopting and implementing a series of European Union directives relating to gas, electricity, renewable energy…

Analyses | | Iwona Wiśniewska
The project was implemented quickly (the decision to build it was taken in autumn 2008, and construction started in mid-2009). However, in mid-2011, serious construction defects were revealed in the terminal, as a result of which…
Analyses | | Wojciech Górecki
On 16 March, President Dmitry Medvedev appointed a special representative for Abkhazia. This will be Alexander Tkachev, governor of Krasnodar Krai, which neighbours on Abkhazia. In turn, on 21 March, Medvedev nominated…
Analyses | | Joanna Hyndle-Hussein
On 19 March a breakthrough came in the month-long crisis in the centre-right coalition ruling in Lithuania. When the coalition was threatened with disintegration, a compromise was reached – at the initiative of President Dalia…
Analyses | | Jakub Groszkowski
On 15 March Petr Nečas acknowledged that the Czech Republic would until June refrain from requesting the European Commission to disburse funds allocated as part of the cohesion policy which are spent within the system of operational…
Analyses | | Konrad Mazur, Konrad Popławski
Vattenfall (accounting for 89% of electricity produced in Germany) published their financial results for 2011. Vattenfall incurred losses of 2.6 billion euros, for E.ON the losses amounted to 2.2 billion euros. RWE and EnBW also…