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OSW Studies | | Tadeusz A Olszański

On 24 August 1991, the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR proclaimed independence, and on 1 December the same year, the Ukrainian people ratified that proclamation in a referendum. The new Ukrainian state had some very important…

OSW Commentary | | Piotr Rudkouski

Over the past three years, a distinct change has become visible in the ideological discourse of the government of Belarus.

OSW Commentary | | Wojciech Konończuk, Sławomir Matuszak

In September, three out of five members of the supervisory board of Naftogaz, Ukraine’s largest gas company, announced their resignation.

Point of View | | Tadeusz A Olszański

The war with Russia which began in 2014 has triggered serious changes in the way history is thought about by the Ukrainian public, especially in opinion-forming circles. The liberal reflection critical about the nationalist tradition…

OSW Commentary | | Andrzej Wilk

The Russian-Belarusian Zapad-2017 exercises, scheduled for 14–20 September, have for many months been the core of an information war between Russia and NATO. 

OSW Studies | | Rafał Sadowski

In 2014–2016, Ukraine’s banking sector was affected by what has proven to be the most serious crisis in its modern history. Almost half of the banks went bankrupt and the losses incurred by the state and banking sector clients was in…

OSW Report | | Andrzej Sadecki, Tadeusz Iwański, Jakub Groszkowski

The Ukrainian-Russian war has prompted Bratislava, Prague and Budapest to take a new look at their eastern neighbourhood. Cooperation with Ukraine is gaining momentum, although relations with Russia are still the top priority for the…

OSW Commentary | | Piotr Żochowski, Marta Jaroszewicz

Systemic corruption has been the dominant problem of an independent Ukraine for more than two decades.

OSW Studies | | Andrzej Wilk

The war in the Donbas shaped the Ukrainian army. It helped its soldiers gain awareness and motivation. It also forced the administration of the Ukrainian ministry of defence and the government to adapt the structure – for the first time…

OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś, Kamil Kłysiński

The energy sector is an essential area in Russian-Belarusian relations.