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OSW Commentary | | Jadwiga Rogoża, Katarzyna Chawryło, Piotr Żochowski

Due to the dynamic and surprising development of events in Belarus, Russia’s previous tactic –weakening Alyaksandr Lukashenka’s position in…

OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś, Wojciech Konończuk

A five-year contract concerning Russian gas transit via Ukraine was signed after four days of negotiations on 30 December 2019. The previous contract expired on 1 January 2020.…

OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś, Agata Łoskot-Strachota, Sławomir Matuszak

On 21 January another round of trilateral gas talks between Russia, Ukraine and the European Union was held in Brussels. This meeting mainly concerned the new Russian-Ukrainian transit contract; the transit contract…

OSW Commentary | | Krzysztof Nieczypor

The construction and opening in May 2018 of the Crimean Bridge has contributed to a worsening of Russian–Ukrainian relations in the Sea of Azov.

OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś, Tadeusz Iwański

The awards by the Arbitral Tribunal have radically changed the model of Ukrainian-Russian gas relations.

OSW Commentary | | Andrzej Wilk

The Russian-Belarusian Zapad-2017 exercises, scheduled for 14–20 September, have for many months been the core of an information war between Russia and NATO. 

OSW Commentary | | Szymon Kardaś, Kamil Kłysiński

The energy sector is an essential area in Russian-Belarusian relations.

OSW Studies | | Kamil Kłysiński, Piotr Żochowski

The Russian narrative on Belarus changed in 2014, when Russian expert circles and the government elite essentially redefined their perception of their Belarusian ally in the context of the conflict in Ukraine and the escalation of…

OSW Commentary | | Jan Strzelecki

The economic crisis in Russia is affecting the uncompetitive post-Soviet economies which are dependent on Moscow.

OSW Commentary | | Aleksandra Jarosiewicz, Ewa Fischer

While the Kremlin presents the EEU as the Eurasian equivalent of the European Union, the project is in reality an imitation of integration.