Governed by an authoritarian regime Kazakhstan has been making efforts to modernise and has been searching for new development models free of Soviet legacy.
The Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014 put a stop to the gradual scaling down of US military engagement in Europe.
Gazprom’s announcement of the deal with Eustream fits in with the Russian diplomatic and propaganda offensive linked to the Nord Stream 2 project.
The privatisation of Alrosa was most likely aimed at gauging the appetite of foreign investors for Russian assets.
The plan for Naftogaz’s restructuring is an important step on the way towards Kyiv’s compliance with the obligations it has made to the EU and the IMF.
Political reactions from Russia have so far been negative, if rather moderate.
The decisions made at the NATO summit in Warsaw mark a paradigm shift in the policy of strengthening the alliance’s presence on its eastern flank.
Natural gas, after crude oil, is the most important energy carrier in the German economy. Over the past twenty years, natural gas has been the only conventional energy carrier to have increased its share in the German energy basket.
The Four-Day War in Nagorno-Karabakh had a significant impact on the situation in Armenia. The country was shocked out of the political malaise.
The relations between Russia’s authorities and business circles are subordinated not so much to rational economic calculations as to the interests of political elites.