On 26–27 January, President Miloš Zeman was elected for a second five-year term winning 51.4% of the vote.
Russia’s policy in the Middle East is part of a broader strategy aimed at creating an international order in which Russia would be protected against Western interference in its internal affairs and stand on an equal footing with the United States.
On 20 January, Turkey launched Operation Olive Branch, aimed at the Afrin region in northern Syria.
On 11 January, the IMF’s Mission Chief for Ukraine sent a letter to the Presidential Administration criticising the presidential Anti-Corruption Court bill.
On 7th January the Syrian army launched an offensive against the Sunni opposition forces in the Idlib province.
The first round of the presidential elections in the Czech Republic (12-13 January) was won by the current President Miloš Zeman (with 38.6% of the vote).
Most deputies in the ruling coalition made an attempt to repeal the law creating the Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office based in the Hague.
On 5 January, the Tbilisi city court of first instance sentenced the former President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili to three years in prison.
On 5 January, Hungary’s Prime Minister Viktor Orbán was a guest at the congress of deputies of the Christian Social Union (CSU) in Bavaria.
Russia’s Cossacks evoke extreme opinions among observers: some see them as a marginal social phenomenon, a kind of political folklore; others as a morally and physically healthy part of the nation, a pillar of the modern paramilitary formations which defend the national and cultural borders of the Russian Federation.