Sweden, Finland and Denmark have seen a revival of the debate on the Nord Stream 2 project in recent months.
The first round of parliamentary elections took place in Georgia on 8 October. A mixed, proportional-and-majority election system applies in Georgia.
On 8 October the Russian Ministry of Defence confirmed that an Iskander-M missile complex had been transported to the territory of the Kaliningrad region.
The governmental draft amendment to the budget for 2016 was submitted to parliament on 10 October.
Russia and Belarus had been unable to reach an agreement concerning co-operation in the oil sector. On 10 October a compromise was reached.
The visit of the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, to Turkey on 10 October signals a return to the instrumental partnership.
The work has not begun on any of the routes linking the north with the south of the country which are essential for the energy transformation in Germany.
On 28 September the Joint Investigation Team presented its interim findings from the investigation into the shooting down of a Malaysian Boeing passenger plane.
The referendum initiated by Fidesz and held on 2 October in Hungary is invalid because the turnout was only 40%.
More than two years after the Maidan revolution, it is fully justified to say that the oligarchic system remains a key mechanism in Ukraine’s political and economic life. The oligarchs have been able to hold on to their influence thanks to the weakness of the government in Kyiv and the fact that they still possess powerful instruments to defend their positions.