Since the end of 2015 Vlad Plahotniuc, an oligarch and the richest man in Moldova, has been de facto the only person who counts in Moldovan politics and business.
On 29 January, the Romanian parliament passed a vote of confidence in Viorica Dăncilă’s centre-left government.
The prime ministers of Macedonia and Greece met on 24 January in Davos for the first time since 2010.
On 28 January, meetings organised by Aleksei Navalny’s network were held in more than 100 cities in Russia under the slogan of ‘the voters’ strike’.
On 26–27 January, President Miloš Zeman was elected for a second five-year term winning 51.4% of the vote.
Russia’s policy in the Middle East is part of a broader strategy aimed at creating an international order in which Russia would be protected against Western interference in its internal affairs and stand on an equal footing with the United States.
On 20 January, Turkey launched Operation Olive Branch, aimed at the Afrin region in northern Syria.
On 11 January, the IMF’s Mission Chief for Ukraine sent a letter to the Presidential Administration criticising the presidential Anti-Corruption Court bill.
On 7th January the Syrian army launched an offensive against the Sunni opposition forces in the Idlib province.
The first round of the presidential elections in the Czech Republic (12-13 January) was won by the current President Miloš Zeman (with 38.6% of the vote).