Over the past three years, a distinct change has become visible in the ideological discourse of the government of Belarus.
On 18 October Germany’s acting government adopted guidelines for the country’s participation in permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) in the EU.
The elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic on 20–21 October ended with an unambiguous victory for the ANO 2011 political movement.
In September, three out of five members of the supervisory board of Naftogaz, Ukraine’s largest gas company, announced their resignation.
According to preliminary results, the presidential election in Kyrgyzstan held on 15 October, was won by the former prime minister, Sooronbay Jeenbekov.
On 10 October President Miloš Zeman gave a speech in front of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
King Salman of Saudi Arabia paid an official visit to Moscow on 4th-7th October. During the visit he met President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
On 26 September, two days after parliamentary elections in Germany, the French President presented in Paris his vision on how to reform the EU.
On 27 September, the legal service of the Council of the EU issued a legal opinion on the EC’s proposal to the EU Council for permission to start negotiations with Russia.
Despite China’s growing involvement in Central and Eastern Europe, Beijing has not succeeded in making an attractive offer to the region’s EU member states.