On 25 November, as a result of an armed coup, Igor Plotnitsky, the leader of the so-called Luhansk People’s Republic, was replaced by Leonid Pasechnik.
On 24 August 1991, the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR proclaimed independence, and on 1 December the same year, the Ukrainian people ratified that proclamation in a referendum. The new Ukrainian state had some very important assets, such as the peaceful path that led to its independence, the fact that its territory was uncontested and its civilian administration was established.
The General Prosecutor's Office of Ukraine initiated an investigation into the head of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine.
The fifth Eastern Partnership summit will take place in Brussels on 24 November. This programme is perceived differently today by Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova.
In September, three out of five members of the supervisory board of Naftogaz, Ukraine’s largest gas company, announced their resignation.
On 25 September, President Petro Poroshenko signed an Education Act, which had been adopted by the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) on 5 September.
The war with Russia which began in 2014 has triggered serious changes in the way history is thought about by the Ukrainian public, especially in opinion-forming circles. The liberal reflection critical about the nationalist tradition initiated somewhat earlier has been rejected since wartime requires heroic narratives above all.
In 2014–2016, Ukraine’s banking sector was affected by what has proven to be the most serious crisis in its modern history. Almost half of the banks went bankrupt and the losses incurred by the state and banking sector clients was in excess of US$ 20 billion.
The Ukrainian-Russian war has prompted Bratislava, Prague and Budapest to take a new look at their eastern neighbourhood. Cooperation with Ukraine is gaining momentum, although relations with Russia are still the top priority for the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.
The war in the Donbas shaped the Ukrainian army. It helped its soldiers gain awareness and motivation. It also forced the administration of the Ukrainian ministry of defence and the government to adapt the structure – for the first time since it was formed – to the real operational needs.